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Standard Operating Procedures

SAMPLING

Collecting Benthic Macroinvertebrate Samples and Associated Physical and Chemical Data for Ambient Bioassessments in California (updated 02/01/07)
A PDF document that includes two procedures (i.e., targeted-riffle composite, reachwide benthos) for sampling benthic macroinvertebrate (BMI) assemblages for ambient bioassessments. This document also contains procedures for measuring instream and riparian habitats and ambient water chemistry associated with BMI samples. Bioassessment Field Data Sheets with Algae for the SWAMP v2.5 database are also available.

Note: SWAMP issued two policy memos describing additional details for SWAMP bioassessment methods.

Memo 1: SWAMP Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) and Interim Guidance on Quality Assurance for SWAMP Bioassessments (updated 05/21/07)

Memo 2: Amendment to SWAMP Interim Guidance on Quality Assurance for SWAMP Bioassessments (updated 09/17/08)

Collecting Stream Algae Samples and Associated Physical Habitat and Chemical Data for Ambient Bioassessments in California (updated 06/29/10)
A PDF document that includes the procedure for sampling stream algae assemblages for ambient bioassessment. This document also contains procedures for measuring instream and riparian habitats and ambient water chemistry associated with algae samples. Bioassessment Field Data Sheets with Algae for the SWAMP v2.5 database are also available.

Note: In May 2010, SWAMP updated the document about the procedure for sampling stream algae assemblages for ambient bioassessment. There are three main updates to this document: (1) The labels for biomass and taxonomic identification have been updated to include additional information (page 20, figure 6); (2) If presence/absence of a microalgal layer cannot be determined with certainty, the scoring of microalgal thickness is now “UD” (page 39) instead of “Z”; and (3) the bioassessment field data sheets with algae are no longer included in the document. Please download the most recent version of the datasheets.

Note: The SWAMP Conversion and Data Reporting for Benthic Chlorophyll a, Pheophytin and AFDM_Algae (updated 01/26/12) document is now available along with the corresponding webinar training.

MPSL-DFG SOP for Conducting Field Measurements and Field Collections of Water and Bed Sediment Samples in the Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program (updated 03/01/14)  updated!
A PDF document that describes field measurement and collection procedures used by the Marine Pollution Studies Lab – Department of Fish and Game (MPSL-DFG) for SWAMP water and bed sediment samples. This SOP is for reference and information purposes only and is not required by SWAMP. Water Quality Field Data Sheets for the SWAMP v2.5 database are also available.

TAXONOMY

Standard Operating Procedures for Laboratory Processing and Identification of Benthic Macroinvertebrates in California (updated 08/17/12)
A PDF document that describes the requirements and recommendations for all laboratories performing SWAMP benthic macroinvertebrate (BMI) taxonomic identifications, and those wishing to be SWAMP-comparable.  This SOP also documents the full procedures of the SWAMP Quality Assurance (QA) BMI referee laboratory, the Department of Fish and Game Aquatic Bioassessment Laboratory (DFG-ABL).  A presentation on the SWAMP SOP for Benthic Macroinvertebrate Laboratories, presented by Melinda Woodard of the QA Team at the California Aquatic Bioassessment Workgroup (CABW) 19th Annual Meeting (November 8, 2012; 9:00 am), is available for viewing: PDF Presentation and Video Presentation (available soon).

Data Entry and Submittal
SWAMP maintains various tools for entering and submitting taxonomy data to SWAMP and CEDEN (California Environmental Data Exchange Network).  Access to the forms, additional documentation, and training webinars can be found on the Tools page.  BMI samples directly funded by SWAMP should report their data to SWAMP in coordination with the project manager and Data Management Team (DMT) liaison. BMI laboratories processing samples not funded by SWAMP can use SWAMP tools for entering data but data submission should be to CEDEN.  If one uses the SWAMP MS Access Taxa Entry database form for entering taxonomy data, Appendix B details the process followed by DFG-ABL with additional documentation provided through the Tools link.

Supporting DFG-ABL Worksheets and Datasheets
The following documents are used by DFG-ABL in their BMI processing and identification procedures, and for their specific data entry requirements.  Those documents labeled “ABL” are not for use by non-ABL laboratories.  Other documents may serve as examples for non-ABL laboratories and may be used or modified by other laboratories as is relevant.  None of these documents are required for non-ABL laboratories performing SWAMP BMI work except for the Corrective Action Process Document.

Forms for Chain of Custody and Sample Log-in Procedures

DFG Pollution Enforcement BMI sample COC Form (PDF) (updated 10/31/11)

ABL Sample Log-in Form – SWAMP Database (PDF)

Forms for the Subsampling and Sorting Procedures

ABL Subsampling worksheet (PDF)

ABL Sorting worksheet (PDF)

Forms for the Taxonomic Identification and Internal QC Procedures

ABL Taxa Entry Form – SWAMP Database (PDF)

Internal QC Sample selection Form (PDF)

Internal QC worksheet (PDF)

Corrective Actions

SWAMP Corrective Action Process Document

 DATABASE

Field Data Verification of the Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program Database (updated 12/17/04)
A PDF document that describes the process used by both the agency responsible for the capture and entry of field data and the SWAMP Data Management Team (DMT) to verify field data in the SWAMP database. This SOP may be used as a guide for other related programs.

Verification of the Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program Database (updated 03/23/11)
A PDF document that describes the process used by the SWAMP DMT to verify analytical chemistry and bacteria data in the SWAMP database. This SOP may be used as a guide for other related programs.

Toxicity Data Verification of the Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program Database (updated 02/24/05)
A PDF document that describes the process used by the SWAMP DMT to verify toxicity data in the SWAMP database. This SOP may be used as a guide for other related programs.

SWAMP website

For comprehensive SWAMP content, visit the SWRCB's official website

CEDEN

California Environmental Data Exchange Network CEDEN Link

FTP

Allows file sharing when conducting State and Regional Board SWAMP business on the FTP site